Helen Troy

April 9, 2006 by The Gossip Chic  
Filed under Beauty

Helen Troy

Helen Troy

Helen Troy

ANTIGUA Pellana, Mycenaean CAPITAL

The site of the former Pellana is located on the hillside of fall Taygetos, midway between Sparta and Megalopolis. The rugged, hilly and difficult, the fertile valley surrounding Evrotas gave Pellana a unique strategic position. The ancient Spartans acknowledged its strong position, defending one of the few steps, and built a defensive tower called Charakoma. The remains of this citadel are still visible at south of the village.

Professor Ju. Spiropoulos, the last person to carry out major excavations at the site in the 1980s, was convinced that the site is of enormous historical importance. The hypothesis was that Pellana Lakedamonia's ancient capital, and possibly the entire Peloponnese. The main evidence to support his theory was the excavation of ancient tombs tholos outside the village.

TOMBS OF ANCIENT Pellana Tholos

The tombs of the ancient Tholos Pellana are the biggest clue to the nature and importance of the ancient city as a whole, because of their extremely unusual construction and size. To understand this singularity, is necessary to study the style of building type Tholos tombs in Greece, especially during the Mycenaean period (1580 - 1100 BC).

Tholos tombs (tholoi plural) were used in the late Bronze Age Greece, places of burial of royalty and important dignitaries. Most tholoi, spread across the Hellenic world, were built with masonry. This construction method provided a false dome and gave the tombs of the beehive, "a feature".

The size and complexity of these tholoi, indicating that they were prepared for the wealthier classes of society. Juvenile citizens were buried in one of the simplest "chamber tombs', more or less taken from the rock. This basic structure is found in large numbers throughout the Eastern Mediterranean.

Tholoi before and during the Mycenaean period, invariably built with a tripartite structure. An increase in complexity and improvement continued throughout the period, as the techniques were honed and refined. The typical design plan consisted of a chamber of the hive (Tholos), usually cantilevered slab of the stone from the corridor (DrĂ´me) and entry (stomion).

Like modern graves, the stomion allowed ostentious shows the greatness and wealth. The Treasury of Atreus in Mycenae, is an excellent example of a Tholos tomb, but on a massive scale.

Antigua Pellana Tholos tombs are located a mile away the modern town, and have an unusual design and construction. These tombs were carefully carved from the base, rather than masonry construction exhibit more Typical.

A large tomb chamber with a diameter of almost 10 meters, is flanked by two small graves. Dromes walls converge most tomb gradually toward the ceiling, forming a false dome. This practice was not widely adopted until the 13th century BC, giving the first clue to the likely age of graves.

The interior of the structures tholoi found mass graves containing a few interesting findings, but were stolen sometime in antiquity. These findings, consisting of fragments of pottery, amber beads and bits of gold leaf, the date of the tomb complex at about 1500 BC

The structure of ancient tombs tholos Pellana is interesting. Why were excavated in the rock, when his contemporaries were of stone or simple chamber tombs tholoi Carved? These burial sites are being cut as the chamber tombs, but share the shape and complexity of a tholos. It is obvious that the builders of these tombs understand tholos style, but he chose to carve cameras. One possibility is simplicity, although it is easier to cut stone masonry construction. Furthermore, this type would be more common if it was just a "cheaper" option.

Similar tombs are very rare and only have been discovered at Thebes, Messinia and Arcadia. Tholos tombs at Thebes and those around the Palace of Nestor in Messenia are undoubtedly the royal tombs. This is the first test in the process to propose the former as an ancient site Pellana important. It is reasonable to suggest that they were reserved tombs of this age and type, exclusively for royalty.

THE Palaiokastro

The ancient acropolis of Pellana probably located in Palaiokastro Hill, east of the city. Excavations by the teacher. Spiropoulos discovered early broad and Middle Bronze Age ruins, and a spacious building on the hilltop. Not demonstrated that it was a royal residence, but the size indicates that it was an important building. It is also likely that there was not a complete burial mounds, which occupies a prime position on the hill. One path leads to the Acropolis monuments, this is very well built and is unique to the area, again indicating significance.

Pellana - PALACIO DE Menelaus?

The tests, whereas the few points Former Pellana as an important historical site during the Mycenaean period. Historical anecdotes to further strengthen the case as the site Pellana Lakedaimon former home of Menelaus. The Homeric Sparta never referred to as the seat of Menelaus, the Odyssey is merely asserts that the king's palace was Lakedaimon. The extensive ruins, road, vaulted tombs and historical findings and strategic location certainly make a strong case for the former headquarters Pellana as Menelaos and Beautiful Helen.

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About the Author:

A freelance writer living in the beautiful Peloponnese area of Greece.

Specializes in science and philosophy articles.

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Helen of Troy (Part 1)

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